The Czech Republic offers some great tourist destinations, and we would be doing a great injustice to leave out a city such as Olomouc from the list of top choices. Every year, Olomouc is the target destination of thousands of visitors in the Moravia region. It has all the attributes it needs to arouse one’s interest and curiosity. Besides the Roman history of the place that is mainly preserved in legends, there are great sights left from the days of the Great Moravian Empire, the Middle Ages and the modern era. Olomouc is the second oldest city in the Czech Republic.
Typical Old European Street Houses in Olomouc
Large squares and beautiful monuments are spread all over the old city, and the most popular of sights here is the Holy Trinity Column, inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage in 2000. This splendid monument specific to the Baroque style was created as a means of celebration of the Catholic Church and a symbol of the Christian faith. Ever since its creation, the Column has been considered a landmark of the city and an allegoric expression of local patriotism since many of the Omolouc citizens were involved in the building process.
Other strong points of the city tours are the cathedrals and the various religious buildings, and a visit to Omolouc makes no exception. The most important such an edifice is the St. Wenceslas Cathedral. Most of what tourists admire today was re-built in the 19th century in neo-Gothic style starting from the remains of the initial Romanesque crypt, the Gothic cloister and the Baroque chapels. The most appreciated parts of the edifice are the spires, not to mention that the location is proper for a complete tour of our churches such as the St Maurice church.
The Astronomical Clock – Olomouc
The next stop of our virtual sightseeing tour is at the Town Hall, representative for the late-Gothic architecture. It was built during the 15th century and its tower includes a major touristic attraction: an astronomical clock. The documents mention it for the first time at the beginning of the 16th century, and it has been restored several times ever since. The tower is not open for visitation, so you’ll have to content yourself with the outside view of this sight, the rest of the premises have no restrictions whatsoever.
In case you have decided to take a walking tour of the city, the Archbishop’s Palace is just fifteen minutes away from the Town Hall. The building has served as a seat for the Archibishop of Moravia since the 18th century. This palace saw the crowning of a king and an emperor, so it is well-known for its historical significance. Visits are more rewarding if you turn to the services of a professional guide that can help you learn new things about any of the palace corners.
The Hauenschild Palace is also very close within reach; from the Town Hall it takes only five minutes to get there on foot. The first impression is always the most striking and long lasting, so get prepared for an amazing facade of carved stone, decorated with mythological creatures. This happened to be the residence of the Mozart family, and it was here that little Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed his 6th symphony when he was only eleven years old. Therefore, you’re very likely to come across other cultural aspects besides the architectural one.